An Indian Head Timeline
Two years ago I wrote a post on the location of Indian Head. The record I used to identify the likely location was a plat, certified on August 4, 1767, for Richard Davis. It was for 100 acres on “a branch of Edisto River called Indian Head lying on the road leading from Long Canes to Charles Town.” I did not try to put this plat on a map since I had never been able to find any other plats that adjoined it. One plat alone is rarely adequate evidence to show its location. Since my original posting about the location of Indian Head I have had a chance to review some additional records that clearly indicate Indian Head as being at the headwaters of Goodland Swamp, just east of the modern town of Perry as suggested in my original post.
The records of interest were not found among the colonial and state plats. Nor were they available in the courthouse in Orangeburg since all of the deeds and land records recorded there prior to 1865 were lost when they were sent to Columbia for “safe keeping” near the end of the Civil War. The records showed up as part of a collection of “family papers.” These collections often contain “landowner copies” of documents that were probably filed at the courthouse as well as various other items. Some of these collections still exist in private hands and some have been deposited in manuscript collections in various repositories.
The collection containing the documents pertaining to Indian Head were owned by Mrs. Cornelia Danforth in 1977. She took the documents to the South Caroliniana Library so that they could be microfilmed. Many, but not all, of the records were abstracted in the South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, volume 8 (Summer 1980), pages 137-139. Several documents in this collection pertain to the Richard Davis plat. Other documents refer to a 200 acre plat located on the head of Goodland Swamp and certified for John Smith on August 15, 1788. An interesting feature on this Smith plat is the notation for some of the adjoining land as “Granted to said Jno. Smith, known by the name of Indian Head.” 
Given the ongoing interest and discussions about the location of Indian Head, I have put together a timeline showing the documented references to the area. This list is probably not complete but does establish the location and can provide at least a few clues as to the activities of the area.
1767, August 4th – 100 acres certified for Richard Davis on Indian Head Branch and the road from Long Canes to Charles Town. The precept date on this plat was May 28, 1767 and it was on that date that Richard Davis, along with a large group of fellow immigrants, applied for a warrant of survey on the bounty. The group also requested the bounty payment for their passage to South Carolina.  The 100 acres indicates that Richard was a single male at the time of his request.
1767, October – Thomas Griffith, an Englishman, stopped at this location overnight on his journey to the Cherokee Nation. He kept a journal of his trip but did not give a positive report of the area. He had stopped in Orangeburgh for two nights “and then proceeded for Indian Head; and after a hot days march was obliged to sleep under a tree with my horse very near the place where five people had been robbed and murdered but two days before … The next day I went on for a place called the Ridge.” 
1768, January 29th – Thomas Griffith again spent the night in the woods at Indian Head on his return from the Cherokee Nation. 
1770, April 7th – The Governor’s Council approved an act making the “Road from Orangeburgh Bridge to Indian Head; a Road from the Indian Head to the Road which Leads from the Ridge to Augusta … ” a public road. The act appointed commissioners for each section of the road. Those appointed for the first section were John Jennings, Philip Jennings, Johannes Wolf, John Pou, and Henry Young.  All of these individuals owned land in the area between the North and South Forks of the Edisto. 
1771, January 1st – William King had a plat surveyed for 100 acres. His land was crossed by the above mentioned road and adjoined land held by Mr. Dorman. An 1841 resurvey of the Richard Davis plat identifies “Land granted to William King in 1771” as bounding on one side of the Davis plat. The King plat shows “Land held by Mr. Dorman” where the Davis plat was located.  Richard Davis owned the 100 acres for less than four years.
1788, August 15th – John Smith had a plat certified for 200 acres on the head of Goodland Swamp. The plat shows adjoining land as “Granted to said Jno. Smith, known by the name of Indian Head.” 
1811, July 23rd – Frederick Brown, merchant of Orangeburgh District, sold to Thomas Yarborough, of Columbia County, Georgia, 200 acres “in the Forks of Edisto Rivers on the head of Goodland Swamp and the waggon road leading from Orangeburgh to Niney Six … granted to John Smith, Senr. known by the name of the Indian Head.” A sketch of the John Smith plat, surveyed in 1788, is included on the document. 
1821 – A. Yarboroough taught 6 students at Indian Head School in Orange Parish. 
1823 – A. Yarborough taught 15 students for 3 months at Indian Head School in Orange Parish. 
1825 – Archibald Yarborough taught 10 students at Indian Head School in Orange Parish. 
1827 – A. Yarborough taught 11 students at Indian Head School in Orange Parish. 
1831 (?) – A. Yarborough taught 10 students for 3 months at Indian Head School in Orange Parish. 
1834 – A. Yarborough taught 11 students for 3 months at Indian Head School in Orange Parish. 
1835 – A. Yarborough taught 11 students for 3 months at Indian Head School in Orange Parish. 
1839 – S. N. Davis [likely Sidney M. Davis] taught 20 students for one quarter at Indian Head School in Orange Parish. 
1841, May 14th – The 100 acre Richard Davis tract was resurveyed for John Johnson and found to contain 109 acres. The resurvey specifically identified the land as being on “Indian Head , a branch of Goodland Swamp, waters of South Edisto River.” It also indicates an adjoining property as “Land granted to Wm. King in 1771.” 
1841, May 15th – James Stevinson sold the 100 acre Richard Davis tract to Joseph Johnson. 
1845 – J. M. Camboa taught 5 students for 38 days at Indian Head School in Orange Parish. 
1846, March 29th – Thomas Yarborough of Randolph County, Georgia sold to James Knotts of Lexington District, South Carolina, 200 acres “adjoining to what is commonly called the Indian Head on the waters of Goodland Swamp … known as the land on which Archabell Yarbrough formerly lived.”  Archibald Yarborough was probably related to Thomas Yarborough and had served as the teacher at Indian Head School over at least a fourteen year period.
1846, September 17th – James Knotts, of Lexington District, sold 200 acres “on the Old Ninety Six Road and branches of Goodland Swamp” to John Corbitt Sr., John Corbitt Jr. and John A. Salley.  This was likely the 200 acres he had purchased from Thomas Yarborough only six months earlier.
 Plat for John Smith, Orangeburgh District Land Papers, 1787–1874, South Caroliniana Library (SCL) microfilm R722, University of South Carolina, Columbia. From originals owned by Mrs. Cornelia Danforth, 1977. This plat is also available as part of the State Plats (Charleston Series), volume 23, page 160, item 2 at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia.
 Janie Revill, A Compilation of the Original Lists of Protestant Immigrants to South Carolina, 1763-1773 (1939; reprint, Baltimore: Clearfield Company, 2008), pages 70-72.
 Thomas Griffiths’ Journal, page 12, Southern Historical Collection No. 01983, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
 Thomas Griffiths’ Journal, pages 32-33.
 David J. McCord, The Statutes at Large of South Carolina; Volume the Ninth Containing the Acts Relating to Roads, Bridge and Ferries, with an Appendix, Containing the Militia Acts Prior to 1794 (Columbia: A. S. Johnston, 1843), page 233; digital image, Google Books (http://books.Google.com : accessed 2 January 2008).
 A search in the SCDAH online index on any of these names will turn up records of their landholdings in the area, often referred to as the forks, that was between the North and South Forks of the Edisto.
 Joseph Johnson 1841 resurvey of Richard Davis 1767 plat, SCL microfilm R722.
 John Smith plat, 15 August 1788, State Plat Books (Charleston Series), 1784-1860, volume 23, page 160, item 2; Surveyor General’s Office Series S213190; SCDAH, Columbia. This plat and the grant for it are among the Danforth papers microfilmed by SCL but both records are only fragments.
 Frederick Brown to Thomas Yarbrough, 1811, SCL microfilm R722.
 Daniel Marchant Culler, Orangeburgh District History and Records, 1768-1868 (Spartanburg: The Reprint Company, 1995), pages 495-96.
 Culler, Orangeburgh District History and Records, pages 496-97.
 Culler, Orangeburgh District History and Records, page 497.
 Culler, Orangeburgh District History and Records, pages 497-98.
 Culler, Orangeburgh District History and Records, pages 499-500.
 Culler, Orangeburgh District History and Records, page 501.
 Culler, Orangeburgh District History and Records, pages 501-502.
 Culler, Orangeburgh District History and Records, pages 503-504.
 Joseph Johnson 1841 resurvey of Richard Davis 1767 plat, SCL microfilm R722.
 James Stevinson to Joseph Johnson, 1841 deed, SCL microfilm R722.
 Culler, Orangeburgh District History and Records, pages 507-508.
 Thomas Yarbrough to James Knotts, 1846 deed, SCL microfilm R722.
 James Knotts to John Corbitt Sr., John Corbitt Jr., and John A. Salley, 1846 deed, SCL microfilm R722.