This posting continues showing the groups of plats that were part of the 20,000 acres first laid out for Orangeburgh Township. Because this cluster of surveys has been positioned on a topographic map based on where I located several groups of plats in my prior postings, we can see some of the challenges that appear when trying to place these plats on a topographic map.
In addition to the group of plats circled in red, above, I’ve included a few plats that were adjoining the 20,000 acres but still part of Orangeburgh Township. These four plats were all surveyed for members of the Moorer family and are included here as a followup to Lynn S. Teague’s article, “The Early Moorers: Part I” in the Fall 2011 issue of the Orangeburgh German-Swiss Newsletter.
George Haig was again the surveyor for the first thirteen of these plats. (In case you haven’t noticed, I number the plats on each drawing to correspond with the sequence in which they were laid out.) Haig showed very few landscape features on these plats, giving only a suggestion of a creek or stream on plats 1, 2, and 3. Deputy Surveyor Peter Faure was responsible for the markings on plats 14 and 15. Let’s take a look at the drawing before discussing several matters of interest regarding these plats.
The first challenge with this group of plats are the names. Between clerical errors in the original records and indexing errors in modern times, some of the names on the list above can be confusing. Chrisitan Top was actually Christian Tapp. Simon Tuger was identified as Simon Zuger on all of the adjoining plats but was indexed as Tuger. Hans Kayleman was Hans Giegleman and Henrick Stronmar should be Henry Stroman. The Mourer or Moorer surname appears twice as Moore. The plat indexed as Joseph Moore actually reads quite clearly as John Moore. More details on variations in family names can be found in the appendix of my first book.
Another thing that might not be clear from the drawing but is important to be aware of is that several plats were surveyed where earlier plats had existed. Plat 11, surveyed for Catharine Yokey, originally included the area also shown as plat 14. Yokey apparently never acquired the grant for her property so it was considered available land when Valentine Garnish had his survey done in 1753. His plat actually shows part of the Yokey tract as vacant land and part of it as belonging to “Geo. Koss.” Koss has not been identified and no plat has been located that would fit in this area.
Plat 13 was initially surveyed for John Mourer in 1737. His brother, Peter Mourer, petitioned the Council in 1754 and reported that his brother had long been deceased. Peter asked for 100 acres that would include the 50 acres surveyed for his brother as well as 50 acres for Peter’s wife. (Holcomb, Petitions for Land from the SC Council Journals, v. 4, pgs. 13-14). When Peter had his plat (number 15) surveyed in 1754 it included all of the area that was previously surveyed for his brother (number 13).
Deputy Surveyor Faure drew some features on plats 14 and 15 that give us some clues about the accuracy of these eighteenth century surveys. I draw all of these plats to scale using the exact measurements given by the surveyors, when available. There were no missing measurements on any of these township plats and they all closed properly. While it was relatively easy to draw square and rectangular plats on paper it was much harder to mark them out in the woods and swamps. Faure’s marks on these two plats suggest how much error may have come about in surveying all of the adjoining plats, beginning at the North Fork of the Edisto River. (My previous posting shows that group of plats and this group has been positioned based on that group.) The important point to remember when looking at these plat maps is that the boundaries of each plat cannot be considered precisely accurate! The plats are accurate, relative to each other, and probably were in the approximate vicinity as shown.
Click on this link for a PDF file of the plat drawing:
Orangeburgh Township Plats along Turkey Hill
This posting shows some additional early Orangeburgh Township plats on topographic maps. This group of plats were located along the lower part of Caw Caw Swamp and the North Fork of the Edisto River as indicated on this drawing:
All but the last two of these plats were surveyed by George Haig. Most were laid out in the latter part of September 1735. For those who notice such detail, you will see that this group of plats was placed ever so slightly southeast of where it should join those plats in my earlier posting. This was done to make some of the water features shown on plat 16 line up better with the topographic map. This plat, surveyed for William Thomson in 1770, shows the branch that is now Sunnyside Canal. Remember, none of these property lines are guaranteed to be precisely accurate, just reasonably close!
Click here to open a PDF file of the map above:
This posting shows some additional early Orangeburgh Township plats that were located along Caw Caw Swamp. This group of plats adjoined the ones from my previous post with the Andreas Marchy plat shown on each map as a common reference point.
George Haig was again the surveyor who laid out all of these tracts. Unfortunately, he did not provide much detail about the landscape features on these drawings. In this group of plats there are only two marks that could clearly be interpreted as some sort of water feature. Those are shown on the map below on the boundary of plats 1 and 2 and on the edge of plat 6. One of the line points on plats 10 and 14 was described as “edge of swamp.” There are some other marks on several plats but it is not clear whether they are intentional or accidental lines.
The unnumbered square is a tract that was not surveyed during this period. Plat number 12 was surveyed for Martin Koone (or Kuhn) even though it was indexed by the South Carolina Archives as Martin Rowe. (Adjoining plats show the name more clearly.) The northernmost corner of plat 6, surveyed for Peter Lorier, was marked 4x rather than the usual 3x corner marking. A notation on the plat indicated that this was the corner of the 20,000 acres laid out for the township. All of these plats can be viewed online at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website.
This link will open a PDF file of the map above: