Getting Started with Household Locations in the 1800 and 1810 Census
Willow Swamp Baptist Church was established on August 10, 1805 by members who had been dismissed from Dean Swamp Baptist Church. The names of those 32 individuals were published in South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, volume XX, (Fall 1992), pages 183 and 184.
In order to learn more about where these families lived, I first created a spreadsheet showing the families who started Willow Swamp Baptist Church. Next, using my recently published book for the 1800 through 1820 censuses, I looked up all of those families who appeared in Orangeburgh District in 1800 and/or 1810 and added their household numbers to the spreadsheet. The results are shown here:
(Notes for above data: Willow Swamp Baptist Church was located near a crossing point on the South Edisto River. Many of the families without numbers in the list above lived in Barnwell District at these enumerations. Names in brackets did not appear on the church list but have been added as likely spouses of those who did. I would be glad to hear from anyone who can identify any of the unattached females on the list or suggest corrections to those I put with spouses.)
With this information it is easier to begin to identify where some of these folks lived at the time of these two early census counts. In 1800 those members whose households were enumerated appeared in the visitation sequence from 507 through 557. In 1810 the households appear in two separate sections of the count: 315 through 333 and 654 through 669. William Pauling, the 1810 enumerator, clearly used a different route through the area than did Gasper Trotti in 1800.
In the next few weeks I will post some articles about more specific locations of some of these households. In the meanwhile, if you cannot make it to Oktoberfest this weekend, consider ordering a copy of my newest book, Orangeburgh District, South Carolina Combined Census Index and Neighborhood Listings, 1800*–1820 from this website.
While working with some colonial plats along Beaver Creek of the Congaree River, I became intrigued with a noticeable change in the road across the stream. Since roads and stream crossings played important roles in the lives of our ancestors, I decided to explore this particular change in more detail. It turns out that the older crossing on Beaver Creek was probably originally a part of the Cherokee Path.
The Cherokee Path, running from Charleston inland along the Santee and Saluda Rivers was well established by the time Amelia, Orangeburgh and Saxe Gotha Townships were settled in the 1730s. As settlers moved into these new townships, property was taken up along the path. As the maps in the drawing below show, several individuals claimed land (plats 1 through 4) in the 1730s where the trail crossed Beaver Creek of the Congaree River.
The first four plats, surveyed in the 1730s did not show the path. According to information at the South Carolina Genealogical Society’s website, by 1737 the trail had become a wagon road. By 1759 it was the road to Fort Prince George, the main staging area of the Cherokee Expedition of 1759. All of the traffic and supplies from the low country would have crossed at this point. A survey done in 1771 (plat 5) shows the road and, when placed on a topographic map, points to what was probably the original crossing at Beaver Creek.
Corbin’s Bridge is shown at this location on the 1825 Mill’s Atlas map. After becoming a public road in the mid-1700s, this route remained in use through at least 1922, according to the Lexington County soil survey map. (This area was made part of Calhoun County in 1908 but there does not seem to be an early soil survey map of Calhoun County available.) By 1944 the newer route had been established according to the topographic map of the area (Hopkins Quadrangle).
Notice the difference between where the original path crossed Beaver Creek and where today’s highway 176 crosses the stream. The newer route reflects choices made with twentieth century technology whereas the older route considered factors important to travel on foot or using old fashioned horse power. And just imagine what a parade of activity anyone living along this route during the colonial era must have been witness to.
Here is a link to a PDF file of this drawing: Beaver Creek Congaree Colonial Plats.
First Announcement: When I create the drawings for the 1840 census entries on this blog, my goal is to get all necessary documentation on one page. I try to make the maps and text as readable as possible within the limits of an 8 ½ by 11 inch page. Unfortunately, the images usually have to be reduced to fit them into my blog. This sometimes makes them harder to read. In order to provide all of you with as legible a copy of these maps and drawings as possible, I have gone back and added links to PDF files at the end of each 1840 census blog entry. These PDF files will print out at the full page size and also allow for enlarged viewing. All of my future posts will have PDF links at the end of each entry.
Second Announcement: If any of you are particularly attentive, you may have noticed two new categories, 1800 Census and 1810 Census, under the Blog selection on the menu bar. I’ve added these because I will soon be writing posts for both of those enumerations similar to the ones I have been doing for the 1840 census. I will be using sequential numbers to identify the households as this makes both the drawing and the analysis much clearer.
In order to have a published source for the sequential numbers for the 1800 through 1820 Orangeburgh District censuses, I have just completed a new publication, Orangeburgh District, South Carolina Combined Census Index and Neighborhood Listings, 1800*–1820 (*Not including areas that became Barnwell and Lexington District). (Rather a mouthful, isn’t it?)
This book has multiple purposes. As just indicated, one purpose will be to provide the published source for the sequential numbers I will be using for my posts. This publication lists the households in each of these three enumerations, giving the sequential number as well as the usual page and line number. A closely related reason for this book is to publish a listing of the 1810 households in the order in which they were actually visited by the enumerator. The pages of the 1810 census were not microfilmed in the same sequence as the enumerator used them. This book puts the households in the correct order and then numbers them.
An additional benefit of this book is the combined index to all three enumerations. It uses a standard spelling for surnames to make locating families through all three censuses easier and quicker.
I will have this publication available for sale at Oktoberfest for $25. It will be available by mail after that for $25 plus $5 shipping. By using this book in combination with the maps I will be posting on this blog you should find it a little easier to research your early Orangeburgh District ancestors.
Reminder: I hope to see many of you at Oktoberfest! It will be held Friday, October 28, 2011 and Saturday October 29, 2011 in Orangeburg. See the OGSGS website for further details.