With this posting I have moved into the area originally known as Amelia Township. The map below shows some of the earliest surveys done along the section of Flea Bite Creek where it is crossed by South Carolina Highway 33.
The first six plats were surveyed for some of the many German immigrants who arrived in South Carolina in 1752. Several of the surnames were written out differently between the land petitions and the names used on the plats. John Christopher Ways was Christopher Weiss on his petition; John Smeetzer was John Smitzer; and Sebastian Hube was Sabastian Huber.  Peter Faure was the surveyor for all of their plats.
The plat for Anna Keil (#7) was certified in 1762 but, by 1769, when John Rost’s [Rast] plat (#8) was completed the Keil property was being identified as Jacob Keller’s land. Keller was also identified as the adjoining owner when plats 10 and 12 were surveyed. Did Keller perhaps acquire Keil’s land by marriage?
Keil’s property was not the only tract to change hands during this period. Sebastian Hube [Huber] sold his 200 acres to Jacob Vaults on February 22, 1762. Vaults sold the lower 100 acres to Peter Bake on January 23, 1763. He sold the other 100 acres to Hans George Kelley on August 13, 1764.  Jacob Vaults was probably the same person as the Jacob Watts who acquired the Meyer’s tract (#5) by 1767 when he (Watts) filed a memorial for the property. Unfortunately, the memorial does not specify how Watts obtained the land.  Peter Bake was the individual later known as Peter Beck. 
Plats 9, 12, and 13 show some roads and paths, indicated by dashed lines, on the drawing above. The only one of these features that seem to correlate with a modern road, though, is a path shown on Jacob Keller’s survey. It seems to be located in about the same position as Nates Store Road.
 Brent H. Holcomb, Petitions for Land from the South Carolina Council Journals, Volume III:1752-1753 (Columbia: SCMAR, 1997), pages 152, 154, 208.
 Hans George Kelley memorial, 1771, Memorial Books (Copy Series), 1731-1778, volume 11, page 14, item 1; Auditor General’s Office Series S111001; South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia. Peter Bake memorial, 1771, Memorial Books (Copy Series), 1731-1778, volume 11, page 14, item 2.
 Jacob Watts memorial, 1767, Memorial Books (Copy Series), 1731-1778, volume 9, page 349, item 1.
 Jacob Keller’s plat (#12) shows Peter Beck as the adjacent owner where the Hube plat (#4) adjoins his land.
Click Some Early Surveys Along Flea Bite Creek for a PDF copy of the drawing above.
The map drawn below shows eleven colonial plats surveyed at the head of Four Hole Swamp over a period of thirty-two years. I have inserted the modern names of two roads to help viewers orient themselves to this location. What is now called the Belleville Road was actually shown as a “broad path” on several of these early surveys (plats 6, 7, 8, and 9). There is actually also a hint of what is now US Highway 176 shown as a path on plat 10.
From the time these lands were granted until the first federal census in 1790 much of this property changed hands through various methods such as sales, marriages and inheritance. Most of the records that would detail these events were lost in the destruction of the courthouse records of Orangeburgh District. A few records have survived, though, because they were filed in Charleston or are still held in private collections. Some of those records can give us an idea of who lived in this vicinity at the time of that first enumeration.
On May 3, 1764, Joshua Lockwood, watchmaker of Charleston, sold the two tracts (plats 2 and 3) that his father, Joshua Lockwood had acquired in 1736. In one of the deeds, Joshua the watchmaker refers to his father as a trader of Orangeburgh Township. Given the location of one of the elder Lockwood’s plats (number 2) on the broad path (that led from Orangeburgh Township to Amelia Township), this would make sense. Joshua sold this plat to Melchior Smith, who already owned plat number 7 at the time and would later acquire plat number 11. 
On the same day Joshua sold his father’s other tract (plat number 3) to Martin Zimmerman.  Martin died before July 14, 1770 when his eldest son John sold 100 acres of this tract to Nicholas Shuler. (This 100 acres is shown as plat 3A on the next map.) 
Melchior Smith had 300 acres surveyed in April 1767 (plat 11) but waited until June 5, 1770 to get his grant for it. Shortly thereafter, Melchior sold 200 acres of this tract to Barnard Smith. Barnard’s wife, Sovia Buckert, sold this same 200 acres on September 27, 1770 to Adam Buckert.  On October 9, 1770 Melchior sold the other 100 acres of this tract to Paul Shirer. 
In 1784 Jacob Moorer purchased the Bruck tract (plat number 6) from Jacob Bruck’s son, William.  On December 24, 1785 Daniel Kemmerlin had a survey done for 150 acres in this same area (but not shown on this map). 
By the time the census enumerator came through this area some of the property boundaries had changed from the initial surveys because of changes in ownership. There are also no known documentary clues that indicate where the various home sites were located. With what records are available though, we can at least approximate where two of the households may have been located in 1790.
Daniel Kemmerlin had several plats surveyed in this area before 1790 but I have not mapped all of them yet. If any of my readers are aware of any connections between the Sovia Buckert (who married Melchior Smith), the Adam Buckert to whom she sold the land and the John Burchard of this census, I would be delighted to hear from you.
 Clara A. Langley, South Carolina Deed Abstracts, 1719-1772, 4 volumes (Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, 1983-1984), 3: 365.
 Martin Zimmerman memorial, 1768, Memorial Books (Copy Series), 1731-1778, volume 9, page 464, item 1; Auditor General’s Office Series S111001; South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia.
 John Zimmerman to Nicholas Shuler, Release, 14 July 1770; original, family copy, Jackson Family Papers; photographed by Margaret Waters, May 2011.
 Langley, South Carolina Deed Abstracts, 1719-1772, 4: 170.
 Brent H. Holcomb, South Carolina Deed Abstracts, 1773-1778 (Columbia: SCMAR, 1993), page 62.
 Jacob and Polly Moorer to Henry Moorer, Title to Land, 22 August 1808; original, family copy, Jackson Family Papers; photographed by Margaret Waters, May 2011. This deed explains how Jacob’s father, Jacob, acquired the land from the Bruck family.
 Daniel Kimmerlin plat, 24 December 1785, State Plat Books (Charleston Series), 1784-1860, volume 16, page 319, item 1; Surveyor General’s Office Series S213190; SCDAH, Columbia.
 Lynn S. Teague, “The Early Moorers: Part 1,” Orangeburgh German-Swiss Newsletter 14 (Fall 2011), 91.
 Carolyn Luttrell, Honoring Adair K. Whetstone, M.D., Citizen, Physician, Humanitarian, Christian (privately published, 1953), page 77. Luttrell gives the source of this information as loose papers from a family Bible owned by an elderly Whetstone descendant.
In my work with the colonial plats in the Orangeburgh District area of South Carolina it has been rare to come across a plat drawing that shows a house location. Today’s cluster of plats at Cattle Creek and Sandy Run included one that indicates approximately where William Hart’s house was located below Orangeburgh Township.
These eleven tracts (numbers 5 and 10 were for the same land) were surveyed over a nineteen year period by three different surveyors. George Strother did the last six plats and included some details about paths (indicated by red arrows) and the location of “Mr. Hart’s House.”
The path shown on plats 7, 8, and 9 corresponds well with what is currently known as Banbury Drive. The path shown on plat 6, leading to “Mr. Hart’s House,” does not seem to exist in any modern form. The house was drawn just off the edge of the tract on plat 6 and is shown on the drawing above in an approximate location. (Note: Bowman Branch Highway did not exist until the 20th century but is labeled on the map above to help identify the area.)
Plat number 5 was surveyed for Henry Wood in April 1767 by John Mitchell. George Strother resurveyed the same tract eighteen months later for William Hart (plat number 10). Strother indicated in the text of the plat drawing that it was the same land surveyed for Wood.
Plat number 7 was first surveyed in July 1767 for Philip Lambright. He probably never took out the grant for the land as it was certified twenty years later for Peter Stalley in September 1787. Both of the Berry plats (numbers 8 and 9) reference Lambright as the adjoining owner.
While looking at some later maps of this area, I noticed an interesting name. The 1913 soil survey map of the eastern portion of Orangeburgh District shows a community called Lambrick in this vicinity. While recently re-reading David Gavin’s diary, I noticed that he frequently referred to tracts of land by their original owners, regardless of who may have currently owned them. Is Lambrick perhaps a corrupted reference to Lambright? Do any of my readers have any other information on the name Lambrick in this vicinity?
As an interesting aside, notice that this soil survey map did not show the configuration of Cattle Creek and Sandy Run as accurately as the topographic map does. On the topographic map notice that after Sandy Run flows west for a short distance it then runs parallel to Cattle Creek briefly before flowing into Cattle Creek. Google Earth will confirm that the topographic map is more accurate.
Back to Mr. Hart, the owner of the house … William Hart first appeared in the Giessendanner Records when he married Sarah Young on October 3, 1750. He was described as “of the Congarees” by Rev. John Giessendanner but apparently settled below Orangeburgh Township after his marriage. Two of his children were baptized by Rev. Giessendanner in the 1750s. His daughter Grace married John Wood. In 1785 John and Grace sold 250 acres of her father’s land to Sebastian Funchess.  The tract they sold was the one labeled number 3 on my map above and probably was the location of “Mr. Hart’s House.”
 Brent Holcomb, South Carolina Deed Abstracts, 1783-1788 (Columbia: SCMAR, 1996), page 340.
For a PDF copy of the plat drawing click this link: