Posts Tagged ‘Orangeburgh Township’
This posting shows some additional early Orangeburgh Township plats that were located along Caw Caw Swamp. This group of plats adjoined the ones from my previous post with the Andreas Marchy plat shown on each map as a common reference point.
George Haig was again the surveyor who laid out all of these tracts. Unfortunately, he did not provide much detail about the landscape features on these drawings. In this group of plats there are only two marks that could clearly be interpreted as some sort of water feature. Those are shown on the map below on the boundary of plats 1 and 2 and on the edge of plat 6. One of the line points on plats 10 and 14 was described as “edge of swamp.” There are some other marks on several plats but it is not clear whether they are intentional or accidental lines.
The unnumbered square is a tract that was not surveyed during this period. Plat number 12 was surveyed for Martin Koone (or Kuhn) even though it was indexed by the South Carolina Archives as Martin Rowe. (Adjoining plats show the name more clearly.) The northernmost corner of plat 6, surveyed for Peter Lorier, was marked 4x rather than the usual 3x corner marking. A notation on the plat indicated that this was the corner of the 20,000 acres laid out for the township. All of these plats can be viewed online at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History website.
This link will open a PDF file of the map above:
Today’s posting shows some of the original Orangeburgh Township grants along the North Fork of the Edisto River. Most of these plats were mapped in my first book but many folks have asked to see the results on a topographic map. In an earlier posting I have previously shown some of the original grants for the lower portion of the township. This map features plats at the western corner of the original 20,000 acres reserved for the township.
George Haig was the surveyor who laid out all of these plats except the last one. Most were surveyed as adjoining tracts on the same few days. This makes the cluster of plats easy to put together. The only challenging one was the last one, for Henry Schilling. It was surrounded by vacant land when surveyed, even though there were nearby plats in this group. A state plat, filed in 1785 for Francis Bremar, shows the location of the Schilling plat (State Plats, Charleston series, volume 4, page 401-402).
Keep in mind that the plats shown below were probably not surveyed quite as neatly as they have been drawn. The plats are accurate with regards to their relative positions but the actually boundary lines should not be interpreted as precise.
Click here for a PDF file link for this map of Orangeburgh Township plats:
David Coalter 909 acre plat on topographic map
As promised in my post of September 11, 2011 here is a copy of the Coalter plat, drawn by Alexander McInnis, on a topographic map. I have also included some nearby plats and indicated the original owners of each.
This drawing shows some of the challenges of working with these old plats. When Deputy Surveyor George Haig laid out the original tracts in 1735 and early 1736, he drew most of them with a 45 degree orientation. As he actually cut and marked the property lines through the woods and swamps he did not manage to stay on that 45 degree line. According to what McInnis wrote on the plat, the Stewets tract was adjoining the Coalter land but notice the slight overlap. Which line is correct on the topographic map? Perhaps neither is exact. There is no way to know as I have not been able to identify much in the way of those original plat lines in any modern tax maps or on Google Earth. The boundaries have been changed too many times.
In fact, notice how some of the original grants had already been changed and recombined between 1736 and 1821 when the Coalter land was surveyed. The Coalter tract took in all of the Tyse [Theus] grant, part of the Hatcher grant, some land for which an owner has not yet been identified, part of some land surveyed for Henry Felder, Jr. and some of what was surveyed for Henry Zorn (Zorn 2).
According to information provided by McInnis on this Coalter plat, Coalter owned almost all of the adjoining properties. The one exception was the balance of the later Henry Zorn plat which was identified as vacant. (Notice the faint dashed line on the McInnis plat drawing; a helpful indication of two different grants on that northeastern side of the property.) Whenever Coalter’s land was sold, whether by himself or his heirs or estate, it was most likely reconfigured in ways that did not follow any of the original grant lines.
So remember, whenever I or anyone else doing this type of work draws out boundary lines on a topographic map, those lines represent only an educated opinion of where the property lines actually were. Hopefully they are very close but probably not 100 percent accurate.